Jaipur, India Factoid
Founded in 1727, Jaipur was the first city of its time to be rigorously planned. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh tasked Brahmin architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya with designing and building his new capital city. In just eight years, Vidayadhar constructed Jaipur, giving it a rectangular, grid-like layout based upon Shilpa Shastra's ancient Indian principles. Wide streets in nine grid blocks, extensive fortifications and beautiful monuments now characterize the city, which is recognized among the most beautiful planned cities in the world.